Emotional & Behavioural Difficulties (EBD)

Emotional & Behavioural Difficulties (EBD) refer to individuals who have adverse emotions & behaviours that diverge from socially accepted norms, impairing their academic & social performance. This is due to their brain processing information differently from others, thus might not benefit from typical educational opportunities.

Students suffering from EBD might exhibit panic attacks, distress and emotional outbursts that can disable the learning process for both themselves as well as others.

Typical Emotional & Behavioural Difficulties (EBD):

  • Adjustment Disorders – due to trauma from stressful event, might be prone to physically expressing emotions.
  • Anxiety Disorder – extreme fear or worry in places/situations of stress. This might result to mild symptoms such as headaches, to severe panic attacks.
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder – when a child shows a persistence of obsessions and compulsions. When diverging from usual routine, might trigger distress.


HKEPS Interventions:

  • Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
  • Social Communication Training
  • Impulse & Emotional Regulation Training
  • Functional Communication Training